Opel Frontera

since 1992 of release

Repair and car operation



Fronter's Opel
- Opel Frontera brand cars
   Identification numbers of the car
   Acquisition of spare parts
   Technology of service, tool and workplace equipment
   Poddomkrachivaniye and towage
   Engine start from the auxiliary power supply
   Checks of readiness of the car to operation
   Automobile himikaliya, oils and greasings
   Diagnostics of malfunctions
+ Current leaving and service
+ Engine
+ cooling and heating Systems
+ Power supply system and release
+ engine Electric equipment
+ Coupling
+ Manual box of gear shifting
+ Driveshafts, main transfer
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment
+ Governing bodies and operation
+ electric equipment Schemes



Diagnostics of malfunctions

GENERAL INFORMATION

In this Section the simplest scheme of clarification of the reasons of malfunctions and the refusals occurring in knots and systems of a vehicle is offered. Refusals and their possible reasons are broken into groups on the basis of the relation to certain components or car systems, such as the engine, cooling system, etc., besides, in the text references to Chapters and Sections concerning these problems are given.
Remember that the successful conclusion of search of causes of defect at all is not the black magic available to only skilled professional mechanics, and is defined by a combination of a certain knowledge and a patient, systematic approach to problem research. To move always follows from simple to difficult, to lead up each check to the logic end and to try not to pass the obvious facts - everyone can forget to fill fuel in a fuel tank or to leave for the night included lighting devices.
And at last, always it is necessary to try to make an accurate picture of development of malfunction and to undertake the corresponding steps on recurrence prevention. If refusal of electric equipment was the result of violation of quality of contact, check at the same time a condition of all other contacts and electric sockets of system. If the same safety lock several times in a row continues to fuse, there is no sense in its further replacement - it is necessary to try to find out a cause of failure. Remember that failure of a minor component can be a sign of violation of functioning of more important knot or the whole system.

Engine

1. THE ENGINE DOES NOT TURN IN ATTEMPTS OF ITS START

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Corrosion of plugs of the battery takes place or weakened fastening of tips of wires on them. Check a condition of plugs and tips. Tighten terminal clips, if necessary remove corrosion traces.
2. The battery is discharged or faulty. If tips of wires are found pure and reliably fixed on battery plugs, turn the ignition key in the situation ON, then include head headlights and/or windscreen cleaners. If this electric equipment does not function, the battery is discharged.
3. Transmission is poor established in the situation "R" (AT) or on neutral transfer (RKPP), or coupling is not squeezed completely out.
4. Conducting in a chain of system of start is torn off or weakened fastening of wires on plugs. Check a condition of wires, plugs and electric sockets of the battery, the traction relay of a starter and the ignition lock.
5. The gear wheel of a starter is jammed in a gear wreath of a flywheel. On the models equipped with RKPP establish it on transfer and, ceilings manually the car, turn that its engine. At the first possibility remove a starter and check a condition of a gear wheel and a gear wreath of a flywheel.
6. The traction relay of a starter (Head engine Electric equipment) is faulty.
7. The starter (Head engine Electric equipment) is faulty.
8. The ignition lock is faulty.

2. THE ENGINE TURNS, BUT IS NOT STARTED

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. The fuel tank is empty.
2. Malfunction in system of injection of fuel (Head of the Power supply system and release) takes place.
3. The battery (the engine is turned too slowly) is discharged. Check electric equipment functioning (see the previous Section).
4. Skorrodirovali terminal connections of the battery or was weakened by their fastening (see the previous Section).
5. The fuel pump (Head of the Power supply system and release) is faulty.
6. Components of system of ignition (Head engine Electric equipment) are damaged or excessively humidified.
7. Spark plugs are worn-out or faulty or the candle gap (Head engine Electric equipment) is incorrectly exposed.
8. Conducting of an electric contour of system of start is torn off or disconnected or weakened fastening of wires on plugs (see the previous Section).
9. Conducting of a contour of the coil of ignition is torn off or disconnected or weakened fastening of wires on coil plugs (Head engine Electric equipment).

3. THE STARTER FUNCTIONS WITHOUT PROVORACHIVANY OF THE ENGINE

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. The starter gear wheel is jammed. Remove a starter (Head engine Electric equipment) and check its condition.
2. A teeth of a gear wheel of a starter or a flywheel wreath are worn-out or damaged.

4. START OF THE COLD ENGINE IS COMPLICATED

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. The battery (is discharged or insufficiently charged see. Section 1).
2. Malfunction of components of a power supply system or electric equipment (Head of the Power supply system and release and engine Electric equipment) takes place.

5. START OF THE HOT ENGINE IS COMPLICATED

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. The air filter (Head of the Power supply system and release) is blocked.
2. Malfunction of components of a power supply system or electric equipment (Head of the Power supply system and release and engine Electric equipment) takes place.
3. Fuel does not reach injectors of system of injection (Head of the Power supply system and release).

6. GEARING OF THE STARTER OCCURS IS TOO NOISY OR WITH DIFFICULTY

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. A teeth of a gear wheel of a starter or a flywheel wreath are worn-out or damaged.
2. Bolts of fastening of a starter are lost or weakened effort of their tightening.

7. THE ENGINE IS STARTED, BUT IMMEDIATELY GLOKHNET

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Electroconducting is faulty or weakened fastening of wires on plugs of the distributor, the coil or the generator.
2. Malfunction of components of a power supply system or electric equipment (Head of the Power supply system and release and engine Electric equipment) takes place.
3. Depression losses through prokladochny surfaces of the inlet pipeline or the block of injection of fuel take place. Make sure of reliability of an inhaling of fixing bolts/nuts, check the fact and quality of fastening on the unions on the inlet pipeline of all vacuum hoses. Check a condition of hoses and correctness of their connection (to the unions).

8. STABILITY OF OPERATION OF THE ENGINE ON SINGLE TURNS IS BROKEN

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Depression losses take place. Make sure of reliability of an inhaling of fixing bolts/nuts, check the fact and quality of fastening on the unions on the inlet pipeline of all vacuum hoses. Hear to the working engine by means of a stethoscope or a piece of a fuel hose. Existence of a hissing sound will allow to reveal a source of "leakage" of vacuum. It is possible to use for check by solution of soap water not less effectively.
2. Malfunction of components of a power supply system or electric equipment (Head of the Power supply system and release and engine Electric equipment) takes place.
3. The valve of system of operated ventilation of a case (Head the Engine) is blocked.
4. The air filter (Head of the Power supply system and release) is blocked.
5. The fuel pump does not provide giving of enough of fuel to injectors of system of injection (Head of the Power supply system and release).
6. Leaks through laying of a head of cylinders take place. Make measurement of kompressionny pressure in engine cylinders.
7. Working ledges of cams of a camshaft (Head the Engine) are worn-out.

9. IGNITION ADMISSIONS TAKE PLACE AT OPERATION OF THE ENGINE ON SINGLE TURNS

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Spark plugs are worn-out or polluted or the candle gap (Head engine Electric equipment) is incorrectly exposed.
2. Malfunction of components of a power supply system or electric equipment (Head of the Power supply system and release and engine Electric equipment) takes place.
3. Wires of spark plugs (Head engine Electric equipment) are faulty.
4. Depression losses in the inlet pipeline or through shlangovy connections (the Section 8) take place.
5. There is not enough, or kompressionny pressure in cylinders is non-uniformly distributed. Make compression measurement (Head the Engine).

10. IGNITION ADMISSIONS TAKE PLACE AT CAR MOVEMENT ON TRANSFER

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. The fuel filter is blocked or power supply system pollution (Head of the Power supply system and release) takes place.
2. Spark plugs are faulty or polluted or the candle gap (Head engine Electric equipment) is incorrectly exposed.
3. Malfunction of components of a power supply system or electric equipment (Head of the Power supply system and release and engine Electric equipment) takes place.
4. Defect of candle wires (Head engine Electric equipment) takes place.
5. Insufficiently or kompressionny pressure is non-uniformly distributed between cylinders. Remove spark plugs and make measurement of kompressionny pressure (Head the Engine).
6. The ignition system (Head engine Electric equipment) is faulty.
7. Depression losses on the throttle case, the inlet pipeline or through vacuum hoses (take place see. Section 8).

11. GLOKHNET'S ENGINE

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Adjustment of turns of idling is broken.
2. The fuel filter is blocked and/or moisture or dirt got to a power supply system (Head of the Power supply system and release).
3. Refusal of components of a power supply system or sensors (Head of the Power supply system and release) takes place.
4. Spark plugs are faulty or polluted or the candle gap (Head the Current leaving and service) is incorrectly exposed. Also check a condition of candle wires (Head engine Electric equipment).
5. Depression losses on the case of a throttle or through vacuum hoses (take place see. Section 8).

12. DECREASE IN ENGINE CAPACITY TAKES PLACE

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Malfunction of components of a power supply system or electric equipment (Head of the Power supply system and release and engine Electric equipment) takes place.
2. It is excessive люфт a distributor shaft. At the same time check a condition a begunka, covers, wires, etc. (Head engine Electric equipment).
3. Spark plugs are faulty or the candle gap (Head the Current leaving and service) is incorrectly exposed.
4. The ignition coil (Head engine Electric equipment) is faulty.
5. There does not correspond to requirements AT liquid level (Head the Manual box of gear shifting).
6. Coupling (Head Driveshafts, the main transfer) revolves.
7. The fuel filter is blocked and/or dirt/moisture got to a power supply system (Head of the Power supply system and release).
8. Fuel not that grade is filled. Fill in in a tank fuel with the demanded octane number.
9. Insufficiently or kompressionny pressure is non-uniformly distributed between cylinders. Make the compression measurement which analysis of results allows to reveal existence of leakages of valves and/or violation of tightness of laying of a head of cylinders (Head the Engine).

13. THERE ARE COTTONS IN CARBURETTORS/SHOTS IN RELEASE SYSTEM

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Malfunction of components of a power supply system or electric equipment (Head of the Power supply system and release and engine Electric equipment) takes place.
2. Defect in a secondary contour of system of ignition (destruction of insulators of spark plugs or defects of candle wires) (Head engine Electric equipment) takes place.
3. The system of injection of fuel or its components needs adjustment are excessively worn-out (Head of the Power supply system and release).
4. Depression losses on the throttle case, the inlet pipeline or through vacuum hoses (take place see. Section 8).
5. Valves (Head the Engine) are jammed.
6. The order of connection of candle wires (Head engine Electric equipment) is broken.

14. AT MOVEMENT WITH ACCELERATION OR UPHILL THERE ARE SOUNDS OF THE DETONATION OF THE MIX

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Fuel not that grade is filled. Fill in in a tank fuel with the demanded octane number.
2. Malfunction of components of a power supply system or electric equipment (Head of the Power supply system and release and engine Electric equipment) takes place.
3. Spark plugs not that type are established. Check candles and their wires on existence of damages (Head engine Electric equipment).
4. Depression losses (take place see. Section 8).

15. KALILNOYE IGNITION (THE ENGINE CONTINUES TO WORK AFTER IGNITION SWITCHING OFF) TAKES PLACE

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Idling turns (Head the Engine) are excessively high.
2. Malfunction of components of a power supply system or electric equipment (Head of the Power supply system and release and engine Electric equipment) takes place.
3. The working temperature of the engine is excessive. The possible reasons of this violation can be decrease in level of a cooler (The head of System of cooling and heating), failure of the thermostat, blocking of a radiator or malfunction of the water pump (The head of System of cooling and heating).

16. THE BATTERY DOES NOT "HOLD" THE CHARGE

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. The driving belt of the generator is worn-out or damaged, or adjustment of its tension (Head engine Electric equipment) is broken.
2. Level of electrolit is insufficient or the battery (Head engine Electric equipment) is strongly discharged.
3. Corrosion of plugs of the battery takes place or weakened fastening of tips of wires on them (Head engine Electric equipment).
4. The generator does not provide a demanded current of a charge (Head engine Electric equipment).
5. Electroconducting of a charging contour is torn off or is in any other manner damaged or weakened fastening of wires on plugs (Head engine Electric equipment).
6. Short circuit of electroconducting creates continuous leakage of a current developed by the battery on weight (see. Head Electric equipment of the engine and electric equipment Scheme).
7. Internal defect of the battery takes place.

17. THE CONTROL LAMP OF IGNITION DOES NOT DIE AWAY

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Malfunction of a charging contour or the generator (Head engine Electric equipment) takes place.
2. The driving belt of the generator is damaged or worn-out or adjustment of its tension (Head engine Electric equipment) is broken.

18. THE CONTROL LAMP OF IGNITION DOES NOT LIGHT UP AT IGNITION KEY TURN IN THE SITUATION "ON" (AT IGNITION INCLUSION)

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Fused or otherwise the control lamp on the dashboard (Head Onboard electric equipment) failed.
2. The generator (Head engine Electric equipment) is faulty.
3. Defect of the printed-circuit board, conducting in the block of a combination of devices or the boss of a lamp (Head Onboard electric equipment) takes place.

Power supply system

Engine electric equipment


19. FUEL CONSUMPTION IS EXCESSIVE


PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. The element of the air filter (Head of the Power supply system and release) is polluted or blocked.
2. Malfunction of components of a power supply system or electric equipment (Head of the Power supply system and release and engine Electric equipment) takes place.
3. Pressure in tires does not suffice or tires not are established that size.

20. LEAKAGES OF FUEL TAKE PLACE AND/OR THERE IS A GASOLINE SMELL

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. There are leaks in lines of supply of fuel or ventilating lines (Head of the Power supply system and release).
2. The fuel tank is overflowed. Filling make only before automatic shutdown of the gun.
3. Leakages of evaporations from power supply system lines (Head of the Power supply system and release) take place.

Cooling system

21. OVERHEAT

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. The cooler in system (The head of System of cooling and heating) does not suffice.
2. The driving belt of the water pump is worn-out or damaged or adjustment of its tension (Head the Engine) is broken.
3. Internal channels of a radiator are blocked or is polluted the front grille (The head of System of cooling and heating) (is blocked).
4. The thermostat (The head of System of cooling and heating) is faulty.
5. Fan blades (The head of System of cooling and heating) are broken or burst.
6. Does not hold pressure a radiator cover. Make cover check by pressure (address on car repair shop).

22. OVERCOOLING

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. The thermostat (The head of System of cooling and heating) is faulty.
2. Indications of a measuring instrument of temperature are inexact.

23. EXTERNAL LEAKAGES OF THE COOLER

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Hoses are damaged or destroyed as a result of material aging or weakened fastening them on unions. Replace hoses and/or tighten collars of their fastening (The head of System of cooling and heating).
2. Epiploons of the water pump are spoiled. In this case the cooler will exude through a control opening in the pump case (The head of System of cooling and heating).
3. Leaks from internal channels of a radiator or the lateral tank (ов) take place. Professional repair of a radiator (the description of procedure of removal see in head the Engine) is required.
4. Leaks through a drain stopper of the engine (Head the Engine) or vyzhimny jams of water galleries (The head of System of cooling and heating) take place.

24. INTERNAL LEAKAGES OF THE COOLER

Remark

Internal leakages of a cooler usually come to light by check of a condition of impellent oil. Examine an edge measuring щупа and internal surfaces of a cover (covers) of cylinders on existence of traces of water and oil foaming.


PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Leaks through laying of a head of cylinders take place. Make check of system of cooling by pressure.
2. There are cracks on walls of cylinders or in head molding. For check disassemble the engine (Head the Engine).

25. THERE ARE COOLER LOSSES

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. In system too much cooler (The head of System of cooling and heating) is filled.
2. The cooler boils away as a result of an engine overheat (see. Section 15).
3. Internal or external leakages of a cooler (take place see. Sections 23 and 24).
4. The radiator cover is faulty. Check a cover pressure.

26. COOLER CIRCULATION IS BROKEN

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. The water pump does not function properly. It is simplest to make sure of functioning of the pump having pressed the top hose of a radiator at the engine working at single turns. If at an otpuskaniye of a hose the liquid push in it is felt, the pump functions regularly (The head of System of cooling and heating).
2. Passableness of system of cooling is broken. Merge a cooler, wash out system and fill it with a fresh mix (The head of System of cooling and heating). If there is such need, remove a radiator (The head of System of cooling and heating) and carry out its obratnopotochny washing.
3. The driving belt of the water pump is worn-out or damaged or adjustment of its tension (Head the Engine) is broken.
4. The thermostat (The head of System of cooling and heating) is jammed.

Coupling

27. COUPLING IS NOT SWITCHED OFF (CONTROL LEVER РКПП IS NOT TRANSFERRED FREELY TO THE PROVISION OF THE REVERSE GEAR AND BACK AT THE PEDAL OF COUPLING SQUEEZED OUT TO THE FLOOR)

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Will bend or is damaged a coupling disk (Head Driveshafts, the main transfer).

28. COUPLING REVOLVES (TURNS OF THE ENGINE RAISE WITHOUT INCREASE IN SPEED OF MOVEMENT OF THE CAR)

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. The disk of coupling is polluted by oil or its frictional slips are wiped. Remove coupling (Head Driveshafts, the main transfer) and check a condition of its components.
2. The coupling disk was not earned extra properly. For final extra earnings of a new disk it can be demanded from 30 to 40 normal starts of the car.
3. It is worn-out press a coupling disk/basket (Head Driveshafts, the main transfer).

29. AT INCLUSION OF COUPLING THERE IS A STRONG VIBRATION

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. The coupling disk is greasy. Remove coupling (Head Driveshafts, the main transfer) and check a condition of its components. Eliminate all revealed leaks.
2. Shlitsa of a nave of a conducted disk (a coupling disk) are worn-out. Remove coupling (Head Driveshafts, the main transfer) and check a condition of its components.
3. The disk/basket of coupling or a flywheel will bend press. Remove coupling (Head Driveshafts, the main transfer) and check a condition of its components and a flywheel.

30. SQUEAL OR THE ROAR ARISE AT COMPLETE INCLUSION OF COUPLING (THE PEDAL IS RELEASED)

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. The coupling bearing is jammed vyzhimny. Remove coupling (Head Driveshafts, the main transfer) and check a bearing condition. Remove all agnails and teases, and grease the bearing before installation into place.

31. SQUEAL OR THE ROAR ARISE AT COMPLETE SWITCHING OFF OF COUPLING (THE PEDAL IS SQUEEZED OUT)

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. The bearing (Head Driveshafts, the main transfer) is worn-out or damaged vyzhimny.
2. Springs (or diaphragm petals) a press disk in a coupling basket (Head Driveshafts, the main transfer) are worn-out or damaged.

32. THE PEDAL OF COUPLING REMAINS SQUEEZED OUT TO THE FLOOR AFTER HER OTPUSKANY

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Draft or vyzhimny the bearing is jammed. Check a draft condition, if necessary remove coupling components.
2. Make sure that the emphasis of a pedal of the correct type is established.
Manual box of gear shifting (RKPP)

33. AT ESTABLISHED ON NEUTRAL TRANSFER OF A CHECK POINT TO OPERATING TIME OF THE ENGINE EXTRANEOUS NOISE TAKE PLACE

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. The bearing of primary shaft is worn-out.
2. The bearing of a leading gear wheel of a conducted shaft is damaged.
3. Bearings of an intermediate shaft are worn-out.
4. Washers of adjustment axial люфта an intermediate shaft are worn-out or damaged.

34. EXTRANEOUS NOISE TAKE PLACE IN ANY SITUATION РКПП

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Any of above-mentioned reasons and/or:
2. In a check point the insufficient amount of transmission oil (its level fell) is filled in.

35. EXTRANEOUS NOISE ARISE ON ANY CONCRETE TRANSFER

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. A teeth of a gear wheel of this transfer is worn-out, damaged or chopped off.
2. The synchronizer of this transfer is worn-out or damaged.

36. THERE IS "SOSKAKIVANIYE" OF A CHECK POINT FROM THE HIGHEST TRANSFER

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Weakened box fastening on a coupling dome.
2. Between a boat of a box and the engine dirt or a box got was displaced in relation to the engine.

37. AT GEAR SHIFTING THERE ARE COMPLICATIONS

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. It is not squeezed completely out coupling (is switched off).
2. Draft of switching is damaged, weakened its fastening or adjustment is broken. Make careful check of a condition of components, in case of need replace the defective.

38. LEAKAGES OF TRANSMISSION OIL TAKE PLACE

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. In a check point the excessive amount of transmission oil is filled. In case of need merge surplus.
2. Epiploons of differential or an epiploon of a driving gear wheel of a speedometer need replacement.

Bridges

39. EXTRANEOUS NOISE

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Usual road noise. To adjustment do not give in.
2. Noise of tires. Check a condition of protectors and pressure of a rating of tires.
3. Bearings of back wheels are worn-out or damaged, or weakened effort of their tightening.

40. VIBRATIONS

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Check a condition of bearings of back wheels, serially poddomkrachivy corresponding from corners of the car and rotating a wheel in the manual. Listen thus to sounds starting with the bearing.
2. Remove bearings and check their condition.

41. LEAKAGES OF OIL

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Epiploons of power shafts (Head Driveshafts, the main transfer) are damaged.

Brake system

Prevention

Before coming to the final conclusion about existence of problems with brake system make sure that tires are in a satisfactory condition and are pumped up with demanded pressure, adjustment of corners of installation of forward wheels and the car is not broken is not loaded non-uniformly.



42. THE CAR WHEN BRAKING "WITHDRAWS" IN ONE OF THE PARTIES


PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Blocks/boots of the brake mechanism from one of car boards are damaged or polluted by oil. Check a condition of blocks/boots (Head Brake system).
2. Excessive wear of a frictional material of overlays of blocks/boots of the brake mechanism from one of car boards (Head Brake system) takes place.
3. There was a weakening of fastening or a detachment of components of a suspension bracket. Check a condition of support of components, tighten with demanded effort fixture (Head the Suspension bracket and a steering).
4. Assembly of a drum/support of one of brake mechanisms is faulty. Remove a drum or a support and check it on existence of signs of jamming of the piston and other damages (Head Brake system).
5. Are non-uniformly greased ползуны floating brackets of a support of the forward disk brake mechanism. Remove a support and grease ползуны (Head Brake system).

43. EXTRANEOUS SOUNDS (HIGH-FREQUENCY SQUEAL) TAKE PLACE WHEN BRAKING CAR

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Blocks of disk brake mechanisms are worn-out. Immediately replace blocks (in both mechanisms) (Head Brake system). If overlays of blocks are completely wiped it is necessary to check also a condition of brake disks (Head Brake system).
2. Frictional slips are polluted or greasy. Replace blocks/boots.
3. Blocks not that type are established. Make replacement.

44. THE COURSE OF THE BRAKE PEDAL IS EXCESSIVE

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Partial refusal of brake system takes place. Check all system (Head Brake system), make necessary corrections.
2. Level of brake liquid in the main cylinder is insufficient. Check level (Head Brake system), in case of need make having added and pump over system (Head Brake system).
3. Adjustment of back brake mechanisms is broken. Make a series of braking at car movement by a backing. If it does not help malfunction elimination, remove drums and check a condition of mechanisms of self-regulation (Head Brake system).

45. WHEN SQUEEZING THE PEDAL OF THE BRAKE THERE IS A FEELING OF SOFTNESS OF THE COURSE

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Air got to hydraulic system. Pump over brakes (Head Brake system).
2. Flexible brake hoses are faulty. Check a condition of all hoses and system lines. In case of need make replacement of components.
3. Weakened fixture of the main brake cylinder.
4. The main cylinder (Head Brake system) is faulty.

46. FOR BRAKING OF THE CAR IT IS NECESSARY TO MAKE EXCESSIVE EFFORT THE PEDAL

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. It is faulty the vacuum amplifier of brakes (Head Brake system) functions.
2. Blocks/overlays of boots of brake mechanisms are excessively worn-out. Check, in case of need make replacement (Head Brake system).
3. One or more pistons of supports or wheel cylinders are jammed. Check, make necessary corrections (Head Brake system).
4. Frictional overlays of blocks/boots are polluted by oil, greasing or brake liquid. Check, in case of need make replacements (Head Brake system).
5. New blocks/boots are established and were not earned extra yet. For their extra earnings to disks/drums some time is required.

47. PEDAL УТАПЛИВАЕТСЯ TO THE FLOOR WITH THE MINIMUM RESISTANCE

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. As a result of leakages of the wheel cylinder (ов), support pistons (ов), weakening of fastening, a rassoyedineniye or damage of brake lines, etc. violations liquid level excessively fell in the tank of the main brake cylinder. Check all system, make necessary corrections.
2. Sealing cuffs of the main brake cylinder (Head Brake system) are worn-out.

48. PULSATIONS OF THE PEDAL OF THE BRAKE TAKE PLACE WHEN BRAKING CAR

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. The support does not move properly as a result of the wrong installation or obstacle existence. Remove and make check (Head Brake system).
2. The disk or a drum is faulty. Remove (Head Brake system) and check on existence of excessive cross-section palpation, and also emergence of ovality and not planeness. Make a disk or drum pro-point or replace them new.

Suspension bracket and steering

49. THE CAR WITHDRAWS AT MOVEMENT IN ONE OF THE PARTIES

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Tires are pumped non-uniformly up.
2. Defect of tires takes place.
3. Suspension bracket or steering components (Head the Suspension bracket and a steering) are excessively worn-out.
4. Carrying out adjustment of corners of installation of forward wheels is required.
5. Forward brake mechanisms (Head Brake system) are taken.

50. BREAKTHROUGHS, DERGANYE OR VIBRATIONS TAKE PLACE

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Balancing of wheels is broken or there was an ovality of disks. Make balancing in a shinomontazhny workshop.
2. Bearings of back wheels are worn-out, weakened effort of their tightening or adjustment (Head the Suspension bracket and a steering) is broken.
3. Shock-absorbers or other components of a suspension bracket (Head the Suspension bracket and a steering) are worn-out or damaged.

51. EXCESSIVE ROCKING OF THE CAR OR "ZARYVANIYE" HIS NOSE ON TURNS TAKES PLACE OR WHEN BRAKING

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Shock-absorbers are faulty. Replace all set (Head the Suspension bracket and a steering).
2. Springs and/or other components of a suspension bracket are broken or weakened. Make check of a condition of components (Head the Suspension bracket and a steering).

52. THE STEERING WHEEL TOO HARDLY ROTATES

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Liquid level excessively fell in the tank of system of hydrostrengthening of a wheel (Head Brake system).
2. Tires are pumped incorrectly up.
3. Hinges of a steering drive (Head the Suspension bracket and a steering) are insufficiently greased.
4. Adjustment of corners of installation of forward wheels is broken.
5. The hydraulic booster does not develop the demanded capacity.

53. TAKES PLACE EXCESSIVE ЛЮФТ THE STEERING

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Weakened effort of a tightening of bearings of forward wheels (Head the Suspension bracket and a steering).
2. Excessively from ношены suspension bracket or steering components (Head the Suspension bracket and a steering).

54. EXCESSIVE WEAR OF PROTECTORS (NOT IN ONE ANY AREA) TAKES PLACE

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Tires are pumped incorrectly up.
2. Balancing of wheels is broken. Address in a shinomontazhny workshop.
3. Disks of wheels are damaged. Check, in case of need make replacement.
4. Suspension bracket or steering components (Head the Suspension bracket and a steering) are excessively worn-out.

55. EXCESSIVE WEAR OF PROTECTORS ON EXTERNAL EDGE TAKES PLACE

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Tires are pumped incorrectly up.
2. Turns are too sharply made. Reduce speed.
3. Adjustment of corners of installation of forward wheels (excessive convergence) is broken. Address in a workshop for carrying out professional adjustment.
4. Will bend or is braided the suspension bracket lever (Head the Suspension bracket and a steering).

56. EXCESSIVE WEAR OF PROTECTORS ON INTERNAL EDGE TAKES PLACE

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Tires are pumped incorrectly up.
2. Adjustment of corners of installation of forward wheels (divergence) is broken. Make adjustment in a car-care center workshop.
3. Components of a steering are damaged or weakened their fastening (Head the Suspension bracket and a steering).

57. LOCAL WEAR OF THE PROTECTOR TAKES PLACE

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Balancing of wheels is broken.
2. Are damaged or погнуты disks. Check, in case of need make replacement.
3. Defect of tires takes place.